You are using an out of date browser. It may not display this or other websites correctly. You should upgrade or use an alternative browser.
What is a pedigree?
A pedigree is a
dog's family tree. It lists the registered names of the dog's
parents, grandparents, great-grandparents (etc.) of the dog -
most printed pedigrees go to 4 or 5 generations. Other
information may or may not be included, such as date of birth,
color, registration number, call name, or titles earned.
Titles earned are almost always included - Championship, Sire
or Dam of Merit, Obedience or Agility titles.
printed pedigree is not needed to show a dog - to be eligible
for an AKC show, a dog must be registered, so the parents (and
thus the entire pedigree) are already on
Pedigrees are useful when planning a
breeding program. Knowing your dog's ancestry, and the
ancestry of the dog you are considering breeding to, is
necessary to help you determine how closely related the dogs
are. Sometimes dogs that seem unrelated in the first few
generations end up with the same dog numerous times in the
fourth or fifth. Knowing how many Champions or other
title-holders are in a dog's pedigree will tell you about the
line, and it's tendency to meet the breed standard in form or
Specific information about the
ancestors in your dog's pedigree is especially helpful (and
sometimes hard to come by). Knowing when the dogs died, and of
what, can help you make decisions on health standards.
Temperament and health are also vital factors in a breeding
decision. Knowing the history of these things in both dogs'
lines can make the difference between a good breeding and a
A pictorial pedigree can sometimes be
especially helpful - while there's no guarantee that a dog
will sire puppies that look like him, consistency of type
throughout a pedigree will increase your chances of getting
that type. Seeing other offspring of the dog you're looking at
- puppies and adults - can be helpful, too. Many dogs who are
lacking in a certain quality (say, rear angulation) produce
pups who possess the quality. The best breeding results in a
puppy that is better than his parents, in keeping with the
goal of continually improving the